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How Loot Boxes Don’t Resemble Trading Cards

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Gambling card games boxes

Postby Yojora В» 17.01.2020

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A loot box is typically a form of monetization , with players either buying the boxes directly or receiving the boxes during play and later buying "keys" with which to redeem them.

These systems may also be known as gacha based on gashapon — capsule toys and integrated into gacha games. Loot box concepts originated from loot systems in massively multiplayer online role-playing games, and from the monetization of free-to-play mobile gaming.

They first appeared in through , and have appeared in many free-to-play games and in some full-priced titles since then. They are seen by developers and publishers of video games not only to help generate ongoing revenue for games while avoiding drawbacks of paid downloadable content or game subscriptions, but to also keep player interest within games by offering new content and cosmetics through loot-box reward systems.

Loot boxes were popularized through their inclusion in several games throughout the mids. By the later half of the decade, some games, particularly Star Wars Battlefront II , expanded approaches to the concept that caused them to become highly criticised. Such criticism included " pay to win " gameplay systems that favor those that spend real money on loot boxes and negative effects on gameplay systems to accommodate them, as well as them being anti-consumer when implemented in full-priced games.

Due to fears of them being used as a source in gray-market skin gambling , loot boxes began to become regulated under national gambling laws in various countries at the same time. A "loot box" can be named several different ways, usually related to the type of game that it appears in.

A "loot box", "loot crate" or "lockbox" is often applied to shooter games since one obtains new equipable outfits or gear from it. Digital card games may use the term " booster pack " following from collectible card game roots. Loot boxes are often given to players during play, for instance as rewards for leveling up their character or completing a multiplayer game without quitting.

Loot boxes are generally redeemed through an in-game interface which dresses the process with appealing visual and audio effects. The items that can be granted by a loot box are usually graded by "rarity", with the probability of receiving an item decreasing rapidly with each grade.

While the set of items given are randomly selected it can come with certain guarantees, for instance that it will contain at least one item of a certain rarity or above. The player's inventory is managed in server databases run by the game's developers or publishers.

This may allow for players to view the inventory of other players and arrange for trades with them. Most loot-box systems grant items without regard for what the player already owns. Means are provided to dispose of these duplicates, often involving trading them with other players or converting them into an in-game currency. Some loot-box systems allow players to then use this currency to directly purchase specific items they do not have.

Some loot-box systems, primarily from Asian developers, use an approach adapted from gashapon capsule toy vending machines. One form of gacha called " complete gacha " allows players to combine common items in a set in order to form a rarer item.

This is particularly true if there are a large number of common items in the game, since eventually one single, specific item is required. Some games may include seasonal or special event loot boxes which include specific items only available during the time of that event. Loot boxes are an extension of randomised loot drop systems from earlier video games, frequently used to give out randomized rewards in massively multiplayer online role-playing games MMO or MMORPG or similar games.

Such tickets were sold at the price of Japanese yen per ticket. Like real-life gachapon machines, players attained randomly chosen game items when they used the ticket on "Gachapon", an in-game booth that was distributed across the game world. The Chinese free-to-play game ZT Online or simply Zhengtu which was released in by the Zhengtu Network is also considered to be one of the early examples of video games that contained loot boxes as a part of its game system.

Instead of trying to change this approach, Asian games like ZT Online introduced loot boxes as a means to assure monetization from a game that they would otherwise not receive revenue from the base sale. In Western regions North America and Europe around , the video game industry saw the success of Zynga and other large publishers of social-network games that offered the games for free on sites like Facebook but included microtransactions to accelerate one's progress in the game, providing that publishers could depend on revenue from post-sale transactions rather than initial sale.

Over the next few years many MMOs and multiplayer online battle arena games MOBAs also transitioned to a free-to-play business model to help grow out their player base, many adding loot-box monetization in the process, [20] [21] with the first two being both Star Trek Online [22] and The Lord of the Rings Online [ citation needed ] in December Initially released as downloadable content, the "FIFA Ultimate Team Mode" transitioned to a free add-on to the base game with the release, with the ability to buy card packs as a means to generate revenue for the game.

Mass Effect 3 offered "packs" that would offer uncommon gear, otherwise obtainable only by " grinding " through online gameplay, as a means to offset the cost of running the multiplayer services. The Mass Effect 3 team worked closely with the FIFA team to get the rollout of these packs right, which developer Jesse Houston compared to opening a Magic: The Gathering booster card pack to make a player feel like they were always getting value from the pack.

Other early examples of packaged games with loot boxes included Counter-Strike: Global Offensive in August , adding "weapon cases" in an update, [24] and Battlefield 4 in October , adding "battlepacks", though they did not become purchasable until May and never granted duplicate items. With the financial success of Overwatch and its loot-box systems, several games in and included the mechanic as part of its meta-game, [27] including Call of Duty , Halo 5: Guardians , Battlefield , League of Legends , [28] Paragon , Gears of War 4 , and FIFA By late , a large number of core AAA games from key franchises released near this time, including Middle-earth: Shadow of War , Forza Motorsport 7 and NBA 2K18 , with varying mechanics in their loot-box systems, led to critical review of the practice starting in October Due to reactions to loot boxes starting in late , some developers and publishers have pulled loot boxes from their games.

Loot boxes with random content are still available as free in-game rewards, but, after the March patch, cosmetic options are available for direct purchase with real money as well. Loot boxes are considered part of the compulsion loop of game design to keep players invested in a game. Proponents for the use of loot boxes have countered complaints that they are gambling systems by likening them to opening collectible toys such as Hatchimals [46] or booster packs from physical collectible card games CCGs like Magic: the Gathering.

In the United States CCGs have been subject to previous legal challenges related to if they are a form of gambling, but were not found liable. Some have argued the increased use of loot boxes in games since Overwatch was due to the perception that the act of opening loot boxes is an exciting element for a game for both the player, and those watching the player either on YouTube videos or through live streaming , creating a number of multi-million subscriber video streams solely dedicated to opening loot boxes.

Games with randomized in-game rewards, including those from loot boxes, and which offer the means to trade these items with other players, are known to attract the use of skin gambling. In skin gambling, these customization items, "skins", become a black market virtual currency among players and operators of websites that allow players to trade the items for real-world funds, or to use those items to gamble on esports or other games of chance ; subsequently these activities have been identified as gambling by legal authorities, and several legal challenges arose in the last half of to stop this practice.

Valve's Counter-Strike: Global Offensive , updated in to include randomized loot drops from in-games, has been the most visible example of skin gambling by mid Some loot-box systems within free games are criticized as "pay-to-win" systems, and may be derogatorily referred to as "pay-to-loot".

In these cases, the contents of the loot box contain items, beyond superficial customization options, which directly affect gameplay, such as booster packs for a digital collectible card game, and with the impact on gameplay proportional to the item's rarity. This can tie the quality of a player's ability to compete with others to the random generation systems of the loot pack, and may drive players into paying for additional loot boxes to obtain high-rarity items to fairly compete with others.

Some commentators expressed concern that for these types of loot-box models to be successful for the publishers, the game itself has to be designed around promoting and encouraging the player to purchase loot boxes, which fundamentally impacts core game design principles and may weaken the underlying game mechanics.

For example, Middle-earth: Shadow of War has a second, true ending requiring the player to gain many more stronger allies to meet its higher difficulty. While the developers playtested the balance of the game without the loot-box system activated, assuring the game could be completed without additional monetization, reviewers found that the game required a great deal of time needed to complete numerous additional missions for the chance to acquire stronger allies, and with the consistent presence of the in-game market for loot boxes, made it difficult to avoid the allure of paying real money to bypass this grinding, creating a negative on the overall experience.

The implementation of some loot-box systems are considered anti-consumer by some players and commentators. Full-priced games which already provide downloadable content and then include a loot-box system have been heavily criticized by players. Developers and publishers consider loot boxes part of a necessary process of monetizing AAA video games beyond their initial sale.

Monetization schemes like loot boxes can help provide long tail revenue, well after the release of the game. Developers noted that the decision to include loot boxes in a game, and how they will be priced in real-world funds, may come from their publisher or upper management, but the implementation of their mechanics, including what they include, how they are doled out, and the like, are frequently set by the developers themselves.

Not all loot-box systems are taken critically. Blizzard Entertainment 's Overwatch 's system is considered a harmless use of loot boxes despite some of its implementation flaws.

Players are able to earn in-game currency from duplicates or random drops that can be used to purchase items, avoiding the need to purchase many loot boxes to get one specific item. For example, in June in response to long-time player criticism, Blizzard released changes to Overwatch loot-box system to reduce the frequency of obtaining duplicate items from loot boxes while trying to keep the same in-game currency earning rate by increasing the value of in-game coin rewards from loot boxes.

Principally an online multiplayer shooter, Battlefront II was developed to eliminate the "season pass" approach that the original game had used, which was found to have split the player base over those that paid for the added content and those that did not.

These schemes include a loot-box system providing, among other rewards, "Star Cards" that provide boosts to a specific character class, and which have tiered levels tied to rarity that provide greater boosts. Because these higher-tier Star Cards give direct advantages to players willing to acquire lots of loot boxes with real money than at the rate one would obtain simply playing the game, its loot-box system at the time of its open beta period had been described as one of the more egregious "pay-to-win" systems for a full-price game.

EA did re-evaluate this approach in response to criticism, and prior to full release, reworked the loot-box system so that some items still offered in loot boxes like Star Cards could also be earned through other routes such as in-game achievements, in-game currency, or through direct monetary purchase. The combined loot-box and micro-transaction systems, all elements of "pay to win" schemes, drew even more criticism.

Just hours before the game's official launch, EA and DICE temporarily disabled all micro-transaction purchases until they figured out a way to offer these systems in a favorable manner for consumers; DICE stated: "We will now spend more time listening, adjusting, balancing, and tuning" before they are reintroduced.

Disney, knowing the franchise draws in younger players, feared the loot-box systems would contribute towards gambling behavior in children. The player reaction to Battlefront 's loot-box system led to the Belgian Gambling Commission to evaluate the nature of loot boxes specifically in Battlefront. In the United States, it generated legislative debates about a potential sales ban within Hawaii and some other US states.

Analysts expect that EA will have to re-evaluate how they monetize games in the future to avoid similar backlashes, which may further reduce future revenues. This, coupled with the removal of micro-transactions from the game while they readdressed the loot-box approach, led to the game missing EA's revenue projections for that quarter.

Electronic Arts also published the FIFA series of association football games in annual installments, using the appearances and attributes of the real-world athletes in the teams on the league.

Part of more recent entries in the system include its "Ultimate Team" mode, where players can form their own teams by collecting "cards" of these players, which have been offered through virtual card packs that can be purchased with in-game currency or real-world funds. While this is a similar mechanism to other games using loot box mechanics, the use here is criticized due to the fact that cards earned from one version of the game do not carry over into the next year's version.

Thus, players must work to regain a competitive team by re-earning in-game credits or spending more money, with the potential to continue that cycle each year.

Because of their use of random chance to gain items after committing real-world funds, games using loot boxes may be considered a form of gambling. Games with loot-box systems have become subject to regulation in several Asian countries, while questions of the legality of loot boxes are under consideration in some Western ones.

In December , China's Ministry of Culture announced legislation which required "online game publishers" to publicly release from May onwards the "draw probability of all virtual items and services". The law also banned game publishers from directly selling "lottery tickets" such as loot boxes.

In June , Blizzard Entertainment announced that, "in line with the new laws and regulations", loot boxes in their game Overwatch would no longer be available for purchase in China. Players would instead buy in-game currency and receive loot boxes as a "gift" for making the purchase. Effective November , China's General Administration of Press and Publication prohibited the sale of loot boxes to users under 8 years of age and restricted their sale to older users under 18 years of age to a maximum monthly spending limit ranging from renminbi to renminbi.

This was done not by introducing any new legislation, but by issuing a legal opinion that virtual items could be considered "prizes" under existing legislation written in to prevent the complete gacha practice in the context of baseball trading cards. Within a month of the opinion being issued, all major Japanese game publishers had removed complete gacha rules from their games, though many developers found ways around these rules.

In March , members of South Korea 's National Assembly , led by the Liberty Korea Party , proposed amendments to the country's existing games industry regulation that would require games companies to release "information on the type, composition ratio, and acquisition probability" of items granted by loot boxes.

In October , Singapore's parliament passed The Remote Gambling Act, which introduced a ban on unlicensed gambling websites and fines for anyone violating it. The law's definition of gambling included staking "virtual credits, virtual coins, virtual tokens, virtual objects or any similar thing that is purchased In response to games industry lobbying home affairs minister S. Iswaran clarified the law in parliament, stating that "the Bill does not intend to cover social games in which players do not play to acquire a chance of winning money and where the game design does not allow the player to convert in-game credits to money or real merchandise outside the game".

The minister also specifically excluded platforms which offered "virtual currencies which can be used to buy or redeem other entertainment products", such as Steam , from the provisions of the bill. The fact is that the line between social gaming and gambling is increasingly becoming blurred. What may appear benign today can quickly morph into something a lot more sinister tomorrow in response to market opportunities and consumer trends.

That is why the legislation is cast broadly. Within Australia, games with loot boxes would fall under gambling restrictions if they can be played "for money or anything else of value"; the question remains if items that only exist within game have "value" that can be quantified, even if this is related to an item's prestige.

The commission has suggested "an immediate R rating " for any games which feature loot boxes as a solution to this limitation. The investigation, which started in August , evaluated the use of loot boxes in video games and considered them under issues related to gambling and effects on children. The Committee recommended that games with loot boxes be labeled to warn of parental guidance and indicate that they contain "in-game gambling content" and suggest that such games be rated to represent the legal gambling age in the country.

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Re: gambling card games boxes

Postby Kazrazuru В» 17.01.2020

Foti Jack Thompson lawsuits Strickland v. In fact it seems likely that people created the cards by copying paper money and then both played with and for these cards! Following its Gamblig announcement, the Gaming Authority began to solicit other European Union countries to help harmonize their ruling on loot boxes among the Union.

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Postby Dirisar В» 17.01.2020

It is recorded in boxes game compendia from at car to Phoenix Labs opted to remove their carv of loot boxes from Dauntlessgames replacing the system with the ability to directly purchase customization items players want through in-game currency or real-world funds allowing them to achieve monetization gambling anime retribution movie the game. As an example, they found that parents were more worried about children spending money in-game and not any boxxes aspects, and thus did not include loot boxes as one of its content descriptions, card would like to add them bambling the future should legislation or other industry standards establish gambling as a gambling issue. UKIEthe gambling game industry trade organization for card United Kingdom, asserted its stance that loot boxes do not constitute gambling and are "already covered by and fully compliant with existing relevant UK regulations". With the financial success of Overwatch and its loot-box systems, several games in and included the mechanic as part of its meta-game, [27] including Call of DutyHalo 5: Guardians link, BattlefieldLeague of Legends[28] ParagonGears of War 4and FIFA

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Postby Zololkree В» 17.01.2020

Other early examples of packaged games with loot boxes included Counter-Strike: Global Offensive in Augustadding "weapon cases" in an update, [24] and Battlefield 4 in Octoberadding "battlepacks", though they did not become purchasable until May and never granted duplicate items. Retrieved May 1, Commonwealth of Australia. When a split occurs, the house takes all the bets on that rank instead of only half of them. Thank you for your feedback.

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Postby Togul В» 17.01.2020

James said "Loot boxes boxes a means of people purchasing items, skins, to enhance their gaming experience, not through an expectation of an additional financial reward. Archived from the original on February 12, For example, in June in response to long-time player criticism, Blizzard released changes to Overwatch loot-box system to reduce the frequency of games duplicate this web page from loot boxes while trying to keep the same in-game currency earning rate gambling increasing the value of in-game coin rewards gamblkng card boxes.

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Postby Takasa В» 17.01.2020

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Postby Arashir В» 17.01.2020

Perhaps more pressing is the widespread antipathy towards loot boxes from the community at large. Analysts expect that EA will have to re-evaluate how they monetize games in the future to avoid similar backlashes, which may further reduce future revenues. Simms5 U. The ESports Observer. Retrieved July 18,

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Postby Mezicage В» 17.01.2020

The FTC held a public hearing on loot boxes on August 7,addressing industry representative and reviewing public comments submitted prior to the meeting. Video Games Chronicle. This issue is now drawing a fair amount of mainstream attention.

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Postby Maugal В» 17.01.2020

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Postby Kazizahn В» 17.01.2020

The response also referenced the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations law which, according to the response "includes a requirement on businesses not to subject anyone to misleading or aggressive marketing practices, gwmbling, for example, direct exhortation to buy products, such as games content, including in-game purchases such as loot boxes". Retrieved November 30, Kotaku Australia. A range of Bridge equipment.

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Postby Mazuzragore В» 17.01.2020

A "loot box", "loot crate" or "lockbox" is often applied to shooter games since one obtains new equipable outfits or gear from it. Retrieved October 26, Retrieved November 30, This, coupled with the removal of micro-transactions from the game while they readdressed the loot-box approach, led to the game missing EA's revenue projections for that quarter.

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Postby Gardaran В» 17.01.2020

Games Bulletin. Hawaii state representatives Chris Lee and Sean Quinlan issued a statement in November taking a stance against loot boxes. In the US, Faro was also called "bucking the tiger" or "twisting the tiger's tail", a reference to early card backs that featured a drawing of a Bengal tiger.

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Postby Zulkik В» 17.01.2020

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Postby Meztitilar В» 17.01.2020

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Postby Yozshugar В» 17.01.2020

The card left showing in the box wins, and the house pays the amount of any bet placed on that rank to win. Means are provided to dispose of these duplicates, often involving trading them with other players or converting them into an in-game currency. A player could reverse the intent of his bet by placing a gamea 6-sided token called a "copper" on it.

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Postby Sale В» 17.01.2020

In response to the announcement, several companies made their games with loot boxes unavailable to customers in Belgium with blxes financial recourse to customers who bought or paid for merchandise in the games:. Inven Global in Korean. The player's inventory is managed in server databases run by the game's developers or publishers.

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Postby Faesho В» 17.01.2020

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Postby Daiktilar В» 17.01.2020

Because these higher-tier Star Cards give direct advantages to players willing to acquire lots of loot ggames with real money than at the rate one would obtain simply playing the game, its loot-box system at the time of see more open beta period had been described as one of the more egregious "pay-to-win" systems for a full-price game. Retrieved November 17, Bloomberg Business. Valve's Counter-Strike: Global Offensiveupdated in games include randomized loot drops from in-games, has been the most visible example of skin gambling by mid It was also widespread card the German states during the 19th century, where gambling was known as Pharao boxes Pharo.

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Postby Kagale В» 17.01.2020

Retrieved February 5, Because of their use of random chance to gain items after committing real-world funds, games using loot boxes may be considered a gwmbling of gambling. Electronic Boxds games FIFA 18 and FIFA 19 were also called out by the Commission, http://castdraw.site/gambling-addiction/gambling-addiction-wagon-wheel.php, EA did not make any modifications to these games; EA had previously stated in May that it did not believe the implementation of loot boxes in their games constituted gambling.

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