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Gambling addiction hotline

Gambling Addiction and Problem Gambling

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Gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Mazurn В» 20.09.2019

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This study applied a holistic, strength-based lens to better articulate the impetus for, and processes of, informal recovery from gambling problems. Two research objectives framed the parameters of the study: to explore a the process by which gamblers move from recognition of a gambling problem to action for recovery and b the experiences, perceptions and contextual factors that shape the features of this process.

Narrative telephone interviews were conducted with adult residents of Victoria, Australia. Thirty-two adult participants 22 males and 10 females were recruited from the general community. All participants were self-identified as recovering or recovered from gambling problems. Participants primarily used informal recovery strategies, rather than professional services or support groups. The impetus, process and goals of recovery were best described by pathways that were distinguished by agency in recovery: externally directed and self-directed.

The application of a strength-based lens helped to illuminate the role of agency in informal recovery. A proposed pathways framework may inform strength-based informal recovery strategies for gamblers and affected others, and therapeutic approaches.

The pathways, which have not been articulated in previous gambling recovery literature, generally cohere with pathways articulated in the alcohol and substance recovery literature. In recent decades, the gambling industry has expanded into online platforms, and gambling products have become considerably more sophisticated and accessible Australian Institute for Gambling Research ; Griffiths ; Productivity Commission Gamblers Anonymous for recovery Slutske ; Slutske et al.

Informal recovery is achieved through the committed and intensive use of personal and social resources and strategies; however, the informal recovery process has not been fully articulated Anderson et al. The scope of enquiry into informal recovery has generally been limited to identifying and quantifying strategies used, with limited attention to their context, or the impetus for their use as distinct from the recognition of a problem Anderson et al.

A methodological limitation in the field has been that study participants have usually been recruited from professional services or community-based problem gambling support groups such as Gamblers Anonymous GA , rather than the broader community e.

Further articulation of temporal benchmarks, including impetus to recovery, as well as contextual factors and resource availability, would improve efficiency and effectiveness of resources to support people undertaking this recovery path. A deficit perspective has dominated practice and discourse in the addictions Ferentzy and Turner ; Keane ; Leung ; Neale et al.

The perspective is based on assumptions that addiction is caused by dysfunction in the individual, is experienced as a chronic and debilitating disorder and that alleviation of the symptoms of the addiction are the overriding motivation for, and goal of, recovery. Gambling is no exception. For example, a consensus among a group of international experts in gambling research, self-named the Banff Consensus, proposed minimum standards for outcomes to be examined in treatment efficacy evaluations Walker et al.

The proposed outcomes pertain to gambling behaviour and gambling-related problems. One measure of positive outcome, quality of life, was considered an indirect outcome of recovery, and was suggested to compliment other measures.

Evidence suggests, however, that informal recovery from gambling problems may not follow the proposed deficit trope of dysfunction, despair, and redemption through recovery Anderson et al. This study therefore aimed to further articulate the informal recovery process in adult recovering gamblers by applying a holistic, strength-based lens.

Two research objectives frame the parameters of the study to explore a the process by which gamblers move from recognition of a gambling problem to action for recovery and b the experiences, perceptions and contextual factors that shape the features of this process. The sample comprised 32 adults 22 males and 10 females who had attempted informal recovery from a self-determined gambling problem.

Participant scores on the Problem Gambling Severity Index PGSI Ferris and Wynne ranged from 0 to 23, suggesting a broad range in current problem severity, and therefore recovery progress. In conjunction with informal recovery processes, 14 participants reported contact with gambling-related professional services. Apart from three participants who had received ongoing professional counselling or attended GA meetings, interactions were minimal, ranging from calls to a gambling helpline during gambling urges to registering with a gambling helpline but no further contact.

A summary of demographic and gambling involvement information is provided in Table 1. Detailed methodological information has been previously published Vasiliadis and Thomas A convenience purposive sampling method was used, with participants primarily recruited through newspaper and social media advertisements.

Two participants were recruited via contact information provided in a prior study conducted by SV. Degree of recovery progress was not a criterion; however, sampling emphasised variability in this aspect as we were interested in gaining insights across the full scope of the recovery process.

Approval to re-contact eligible participants of a prior study was granted by the University of Melbourne Human Research Ethics Committee. Speech disfluency e. Once the participant indicated that they had come to the end of their story, the interviewer probed according to the research questions to delve deeper into key events or processes raised by the participant Jovchelovitch and Bauer Quantitative questions administered upon completion of the interview gathered information on demographics, service use and problem severity.

An inductive-iterative approach was applied throughout data analysis across different forms of data, specifically transcriptions and interviewer notes. SV conducted all interviews and recorded narrative summaries and reflections following each interview.

Interviews were transcribed verbatim by a professional transcription service. Applying structural narrative analysis, SV then examined narrative arcs and features to identify temporal and dynamic relationships between major events, protagonists, bystanders, crises and conclusions Jovchelovitch and Bauer ; Riessman ; Wolcott Further iterations of review were conducted whereby both authors reviewed, discussed and revised the findings. This process merged some minor themes into major themes, explored patterns within and across narratives and considered the implications of findings in terms of the research questions.

Discussions between the authors and re-examination of raw data in relation to emerging themes throughout the analysis process ensured that the findings were grounded in the data Berg ; Corbin and Strauss An externally directed recovery pathway describes participants who were motivated to recover through changed circumstances e.

Showing low personal agency, these participants required significant ongoing support and intervention throughout their recovery. A second self-directed recovery pathway describes participants whose recovery was motivated by the desire to achieve personal ambitions that had been inhibited by gambling e. These participants showed personal agency in their self-managed recovery. Figure 1 summarises the key characteristics of the recovery pathways.

The narratives describing externally directed pathways positioned the gambler as the well-meaning but dishonest anti-hero, or the helpless fighter. He and others who followed this pathway emphasised their struggle with ceasing gambling involvement on their own.

The motivation to initiate recovery came from a desire for relief from negative consequences of gambling, such as poor mental health, financial hardship or relationship conflict. Some externally directed participants had recognised for some time that they had a problem with gambling but did not commence recovery until it was perceived as less of a struggle than the management of gambling consequences. The impetus for change for this group thus involved external forces that imposed change upon them involving a a significant negative change in circumstances or b the enforced interventionist approach of others.

Being caught out was often precipitated by a sudden, uncontrollable event that simultaneously exposed the gambling problem and initiated a swift response from others.

This response was often punitive in retaliation for harms incurred e. So when my friends found out and they rang my sister that was just beyond mortifying for me F, 25—30, Online EGMs. I got caught out because, like, coming home at 7. An enforced intervention involved direct and decisive confrontation by significant others, whereby the gambler was held accountable for the consequences of their gambling.

Significant others implemented and managed recovery strategies on behalf of the gambler on a regular, ongoing basis. This required considerable effort and resources, such as daily monitoring of all expenditure and movements. The participant below explained that the impetus and progress of recovery can be reliant on the intervention of others, in this case, his employer. Crucially, externally recovered participants required intensive, regular and ongoing assistance from others to implement and manage strategies for recovery.

Despite their reliance on intervention and accountability to others, externally directed participants still felt responsible for their recovery. Importantly, in cases where the impetus was an enforced intervention, participants only embraced the recovery process when the agent of the impetus to change was respected and valued more highly than the perceived benefits of gambling.

In the quote below, an externally directed participant shows his ambivalence towards recovery, as the concerns held by the agent his wife do not outweigh his enjoyment of the social environment at the gambling venue. A few externally directed participants who had made some progress in their recovery indicated that they had now internalised efforts and successes in their recovery, even though they were clearly still heavily reliant on regular monitoring and support from others. These participants also indicated that they had recently started to redefine their self-image, had embraced a new role e.

Um, what else did I do? I pay my phone bill… Me sister-in-law takes me shopping. Interestingly, she attributes to herself agentic qualities for going with her sister-in-law to the supermarket so that she can avoid local gaming venues. Internalisation of progress and the perception of personal agency might have been supported by the approach her daughter took, where she insisted her mother to use her own finances to restore financial stability.

This seems to have helped the participant to feel that she had contributed to strategy implementation and recovery progress, and therefore provided a sense of agency. Self-directed narratives positioned the gambler as the hero protagonist and primary agent of their recovery process. Participants whose narratives followed this pathway tended to have a strong sense of self-identity and clarity around their social roles and direction in life.

They were instrumental in initiating and progressing their own recovery process and reconstructing their narrative in pursuit of personally identified and directed goals and ambitions. Participants who followed the self-determined pathway framed recovery as the pursuit of prosocial lifestyles and achievements, such as starting a family, purchasing a property, improving career prospects or developing emotional maturity.

High expenditure and preoccupation with gambling was seen as inhibiting their ability to achieve these ambitions. The ultimate recovery goal for these participants transcended relief from gambling consequences, to the construction of a new, positive and prosocial narrative.

Young adults were more likely to express this type of narrative. They believed these achievements were important milestones for young adulthood, and they expected to achieve them. These ambitions were reinforced for those whose peers were achieving these milestones.

The achievement of tangible milestones such as marriage and home ownership were more strongly associated with recovery for young men than young women, who by contrast more strongly associated recovery with personal development e. He started gambling alone and more intensely i.

His health and wellbeing was affected through stress, anxiety, smoking, and poor diet. The experience of large wins and losses reduced his value of work which contradicted personal values of achievement through work and financial security.

Recognition of these threats to his self-identity and ambitions motivated him to initiate recovery. The cognitive process moved from a motivation phase through recognition of consequences to a volition phase of recovery strategy implementation. He understood his recovery as a process of personal development through the personal pursuit of future plans and financial goals.

In recovery, he has stopped smoking, started competing in marathons, and is saving to purchase a house. For some other participants, this realisation helped maintain commitment to the recovery process. He also chose to be honest with his friends about how much he gambled following each session as a means of keeping himself accountable he aimed to minimise, rather than cease, gambling.

For these individuals, a sense of agency in recognising a choice to gamble and self-determination in recovery was essential to recovery. Self-directed participants were also resourceful in accessing help from family and friends, but did not rely on others to guide and manage their recovery process. Their belief in their personal agency and pride in progressing the recovery process was one of the reasons this group also tended to opt against using formal services, and some against self-exclusion programs, as they perceived these as devaluing their own efforts not to gamble.

The study achieved its aim to further articulate the impetus for, and processes of, informal recovery from gambling problems. A strength-based approach to data analysis helped to articulate two informal recovery pathways, distinguished by agency in recovery: externally directed and self-directed. These findings are novel to the gambling field and have meaningful implications relating to informal recovery support.

Pathological gambling: What are the boundaries of addiction?, time: 58:25
Bragor
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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Yozshutilar В» 20.09.2019

Awareness is the key. You can do it. How true that is!!

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Mikazil В» 20.09.2019

Are you still gong to Gam-Anon? He is not a CG. He has though won roughly the same amount, which obviously is no consolation. Well done on finding us — please use us and know that you are not alone anymore. Yes Yes, anonymously No.

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Jukazahn В» 20.09.2019

Http://castdraw.site/download-games/download-games-on-nokia-6300.php disorders: Addiction and Dependence. A convenience purposive sampling method was used, with participants primarily recruited through newspaper and social media advertisements. American Journal of Public Health. Article Google Scholar Riessman, C. Tell gambling establishments you frequent that you have a gambling problem and ask them to restrict you from entering.

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Samukasa В» 20.09.2019

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Nashakar В» 20.09.2019

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Nelkree В» 20.09.2019

Cite this article Vasiliadis, S. Pathological gambling is similar to many other impulse control disorders such as kleptomania. Walker, M. January The only reason he is still here is because he had a friend he confided in so he told me but he wouldnt elaborate.

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Mezilar В» 20.09.2019

Join a peer meaning group. Recovering individuals need assistance to develop their sense of self-identity and self-concept, and to envision hotline act on new life goals. Anderson, S. This to me is the hardest part addiction this journey,it is our dissolved reaction to trust and believe ,but when it's been damaged like this ,how do we gambling.

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Re: gambling addiction hotline dissolved meaning

Postby Dut В» 20.09.2019

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