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Download games broadly

Postby Zululmaran В» 30.04.2019

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A video game genre is a specific category of games related by similar gameplay characteristics. Video game genres are not usually defined by the setting or story of the game or its medium of play, but by the way the player interacts with the game. Genres may encompass a wide variety of games, leading to even more specific classifications called subgenres.

For example, an action game can be classified into many subgenres such as platform games and fighting games. Some games, most notably browser and mobile games, are commonly classified into multiple genres. The following is a list of all commonly defined video game genres, with short descriptions for individual genres and major subgenres.

Action games emphasize physical challenges that require hand-eye coordination and motor skill to overcome. They center around the player, who is in control of most of the action. Most of the earliest video games were considered action games; today, it is still a vast genre covering all games that involve physical challenges.

Action games are classified by many subgenres. Platform games and fighting games are among the best-known subgenres, while shooter games became and continue to be one of the dominant genres in video gaming since the s.

Platform games or platformers have gameplay primarily centered around jumping and climbing to navigate the character's environment. They may have enemies or obstacles to avoid and fight or may just be pure jumping puzzles.

Generally the player's character in a platform game is able to jump many times their own height and player is offered some control over their movement in midair as well as the height and distance of their jumps. Donkey Kong was one of the earliest and best-known platformers; the American gaming press classified it using the term climbing game at the time. In shooter games or simply shooters , players use ranged weapons to participate in the action, which takes place at a distance.

However, some shooters, such as Splatoon , have non-violent objectives. Shooters, aside from subgenre classifications, can be further classified by their perspective of play.

First-person shooters are played within the protagonist 's perspective; they often include a heads-up display displaying key information such as the current health of the protagonist. Hero shooters are either first- or third-person multiplayer shooters that strongly encourage cooperative play between players on a single team through the use of pre-designed hero characters that each possess unique attributes, skills, weapons, and other passive and active abilities.

While setting up a match, players on a team typically must each select a hero who is different from those selected by teammates and, as the match progresses, the players gain experience to unlock more powerful abilities for their hero. Outside of a match, players have the ability to customize the appearance of the heroes but with no other in-game effects.

Hero shooters are inspired by the multiplayer online battle arena genre, and popular team-based shooters like Team Fortress 2. Examples of hero shooters include Overwatch , Paladins , and Apex Legends. Light gun shooters are controlled with a gun-shaped controller; light guns function via a light sensor, hence the name "light gun". The technology has been used as early as the s for shooter games, although electronic video gaming did not exist at that time.

Shoot 'em ups pit players, who are usually piloting some form of flying vehicle, or flying by some other means, against large waves of opponents; the player is continuously moving and must attack and avoid opponent's attacks as well as obstacles. Since the s, shooters, most notably first-person shooters, have become widely successful in video gaming, accounting for a large percentage of video game sales.

Fighting games center around close-ranged combat typically one on one fights or against a small number of equally powerful opponents, often involving violent and exaggerated unarmed attacks. Most fighting games feature a large number of playable characters and a competitive multiplayer mode. While most fighting games emphasize hand-to-hand combat, [2] some fighting games such as Soulcalibur and Samurai Shodown center around combat with melee weapons.

Many fighting games incorporate heavily emphasized attacks based on various martial arts systems. Fighting games were one of the dominant genres in video gaming until the lates, where the genre saw a slight decline. Super Smash Bros. Beat 'em ups or brawlers are a related, but distinct genre to fighting games. While they both involve close-range combat, beat 'em ups put players against large waves of opponents as opposed to a few.

Beat 'em ups saw a sudden decline in popularity in the early s with the release of fighting games, but 3D beat 'em ups have kept the genre alive. These games tend to emphasize sneaking around and avoiding enemy notice over direct conflict, for example, the Metal Gear series, and the Sly Cooper series.

In a Stealth game, players are usually still able to engage in loud, conspicuous combat, but are often punished for it. Other games, such as Dishonored , the player can obtain their goal with or without stealth, but stealth is encouraged as the player is at a disadvantage over many of their enemies. The inclusion of stealth as a mechanic in a game does not necessarily make it a Stealth Game.

For example, Skyrim has an entire perk tree dedicated to "Sneaking", but there are few opportunities to use it effectively until the player invests dozens of perks into it, and most of the dungeons in the game are set up in favor of the hack-and-slash strategy that most players adopt. Hideo Kojima 's Metal Gear was the first mainstream stealth game, with the player starting the game unarmed, [20] and sold over a million copies in the United States. Survival games start the player off with minimal resources, in a hostile, open-world environment, and require them to collect resources, craft tools, weapons, and shelter, in order to survive as long as possible.

Many are set in procedurally-generated environments, and are open-ended with no set goals. They may overlap with the survival horror genre, in which the player must survive within a supernatural setting, such as a zombie apocalypse. A battle royale game is a genre that blends the survival, exploration and scavenging elements of a survival game with last man standing gameplay. Battle royale games challenge a large number of players, starting with minimal equipment, to search for weapons and armor and eliminate other opponents, while trying to stay in safe playable area which shrinks as the time passes, with the winner being the last competitor in the game.

Games in the genre challenge the player to press buttons at precise times: the screen shows which button the player is required to press, and the game awards points both for accuracy and for synchronization with the beat. Action-adventure games combine elements of their two component genres, typically featuring long-term obstacles that must be overcome using a tool or item as leverage which is collected earlier , as well as many smaller obstacles almost constantly in the way, that require elements of action games to overcome.

Action-adventure games tend to focus on exploration and usually involve item gathering, simple puzzle solving, and combat. Because of their prevalence on video game consoles and the absence of typical adventure games , action-adventure games are often called "adventure games" by modern gamers.

One of the first action-adventure games was the Atari game Adventure It was directly inspired by the original text adventure , Colossal Cave Adventure. In the process of adapting a text game to a console with only a joystick for control, designer Warren Robinett created an action-adventure game by incorporating action arcade game elements.

The action-adventure later became an established genre with Shigeru Miyamoto 's The Legend of Zelda , which became a success due to how it combined elements from different genres to create a compelling hybrid, including exploration, transport puzzles , adventure-style inventory puzzles , an action component, a monetary system, and simplified RPG-style level building without the experience points.

It became one of the most influential games of the 8-bit era , inspiring action-adventures like Metroid and RPGs like Final Fantasy. Survival horror games focus on fear and attempt to scare the player via traditional horror fiction elements such as atmospherics, death , the undead , blood and gore.

One crucial gameplay element in many of these games is the low quantity of ammunition, or number of breakable melee weapons.

Notable examples include Silent Hill and Resident Evil. Metroidvania games are a subgenre of Platformer named after its two first well-known franchises, Metroid and Castlevania that feature large interconnected world maps the player can explore, but access to parts of the world is limited by doors or other obstacles that can only be opened after the player has acquired special tools, weapons or abilities within the game.

Acquiring such improvements also aids the player in defeating more difficult enemies and locating shortcuts and secret areas, and often includes retracing one's steps across the map. Metroidvanias usually do not consist of any linear gameplay and often involve lots of backtracking - especially after new powerups or tools have been obtained.

Bossfights are also a staple of metroidvanias, without which they would be considered puzzle or adventure games [ citation needed ]. Adventure games were some of the earliest games created, beginning with the text adventure Colossal Cave Adventure in the s.

That game was originally titled simply "Adventure," and is the namesake of the genre. Over time, graphics have been introduced to the genre and the interface has evolved. Unlike adventure films, adventure games are not defined by story or content. Rather, adventure describes a manner of gameplay without reflex challenges or action.

They normally require the player to solve various puzzles by interacting with people or the environment, most often in a non-confrontational way. It is considered a "purist" genre and tends to exclude anything which includes action elements beyond a mini game. Because they put little pressure on the player in the form of action-based challenges or time constraints, adventure games have had the unique ability to appeal to people who do not normally play video games.

The genre peaked in popularity with the release of Myst , the best-selling PC game of all time up to that point. The success of Myst also inspired many others to create similar games with first person perspectives, surreal environments and minimal or no dialogue, but these neither recaptured the success of Myst nor of earlier personality-driven adventures.

In the late s the genre suffered a large drop in popularity, mass-market releases became rare, and many proclaimed the adventure game to be dead. More accurately, it has become a niche genre. Adventure games are not entirely uncommon, but they tend to be very low budget in anticipation of modest sales. The genre was somewhat rejuvenated with the release of The Longest Journey in , which emphasized stronger story elements and more interaction with different characters.

A recent resurgence of adventure games on Nintendo consoles might signify a new interest in the genre. The game produced as a result was mired in controversy and production delays, and to some, signalled the true end of the genre outside of niche markets. The earliest adventure games were text adventures, also known as interactive fiction.

Games such as the popular Zork series of the late s and early s allowed the player to use a keyboard to enter commands such as "get rope" or "go west" while the computer describes what is happening. A great deal of programming went into parsing the player's text input.

Graphic adventure games emerged as graphics became more common. Adventure games began to supplement and later on replace textual descriptions with visuals for example, a picture of the current location.

Early graphic adventure games used text-parsers to input commands. The growing use of mice led to the " point-and-click " genre of adventure games, where the player would no longer have to type commands.

The player could, for example, click on a hand icon and then on a rope to pick up the rope. As the name might suggest, they resemble mixed-media novels or tableau vivant stage plays. Many visual novels track statistics that the player must build in order to advance the plot, and permit a variety of endings, allowing more dynamic reactions to the player's actions than a typical linear adventure plot. The market for visual novels outside Japan, however, was nearly non-existent prior to the success of the Nintendo DS , for which several Japanese visual novels were released in the West, such as the Ace Attorney series.

The interactive movie genre came about with the invention of laserdiscs. An interactive movie contains pre-filmed full-motion cartoons or live-action sequences, where the player controls some of the moves of the main character. For example, when in danger, the player decides which move, action, or combination to choose. In these games, the only activity the player has is to choose or guess the move the designers intend him to make. Interactive movies usually differ from games that simply use full motion video , FMV, extensively between scenes in that they try to integrate it into the gameplay itself.

This has been used in everything from racing games to fighting games. A few adventure game have tried to use the term to liken the storytelling of their games to those in movies, most notably the later Tex Murphy games and the more recent Fahrenheit Indigo Prophecy , [37] although they are more aptly classified as genre hybrids.

Elements of interactive movies have been adapted for game cut scenes , in the form of Quick Time Events , to keep the player alert.

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